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Renforcer les outils de la prise de décision en matière de réduction des risques - Une étude de cas au Pakistan du nord

Small Grant


Pakistan - Réduction des risques - Tremblement de terre


Ce texte n'existe qu'en anglais.

Risks due to natural hazards and exposed populations are increasing, especially in coastal areas, and mountainous regions, where more people continue to live. Natural disasters create humanitarian crises and seriously impact poverty alleviation goals. Earthquakes and tsunamis continue to cause the highest number of deaths but more common hazards, especially flooding, landslides and debris flow – affect great numbers of people and their livelihoods. Nonetheless, natural resources management and natural barriers are often not included in disaster risk reduction strategies and local awareness about their protective role varies.

Effective disaster risk reduction depends on sound land management practices and institutions that support livelihoods.  For mountainous areas, evidence points to the correlation between man-induced practices and landslides. Proper natural resources management, especially forested slopes, or natural barriers, can significantly reduce the impact of landslides and flooding. The importance of sound natural resources management is rarely included in mitigation handbooks or foreign aid packages aimed at disaster risk reduction.  With limited budgets for disaster risk reduction, agencies have not always considered investing in natural barriers as cost-effective insurance against natural disasters.  There are few estimates of the value of forests as protective barriers in mountainous regions.

Unfortunately, awareness of risk and risk reduction actions do not always correspond.  Poor governance, lack of resources, and effective institutions are often the main culprits for land degradation and vulnerability.  If struggling to meet basic needs, many people may have few options but to continue living in hazardous areas - and possibly unaware of the risk incurred by unsustainable land use practices.   In all cases, effective disaster risk reduction strategies should include local capacity building to prevent and respond to natural disasters.  For...

La contribution du RUIG pour ce projet s'élève à CHF 48'900

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Equipe de recherche

Dr. Ronald Jaubert , Membre principal, Institut universitaire d'études du développement (IUED) .

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