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Firearm-Related Violence in Mozambique

Research Project

Understanding the Impact of Small Arms on Global Public Health

> see the project description


Developing Countries - Mortality - Mozambique - Violence - Weapons


The United Nations Programme Of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit

Trade in Small Arms and light weapons in All its Aspects (UNPoA), adopted in 2001,

recognizes the connection between the illicit trade in small arms and the exacerbation of violence, as well as the detrimental effect of this trade on socioeconomic development and global health. The UNPoA calls for a better understanding of the nature, extent, impact and dimensions of the illicit trade in these weapons and asks for the issue to be addressed simultaneously from the perspectives of both supply and demand.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has undertaken significant efforts in the

area of violence prevention. Violence is one of the leading causes of death worldwide

among people aged 15–44 years. In 2000, 1.6 million people are believed to have died from violence. Less than 10% of these deaths occurred in high-income countries (Krug et al, 2002). The WHO World report on violence and health profiles these efforts, presenting a comprehensive review of violence and its effects on health as well as assessing what is known about the magnitude of, risk factors for, and effective prevention strategies for various forms of violence. WHO has also developed activities in support of the UNPoA, recognizing the linkages between the misuse of small arms and its impact on health. In order to further understanding of this nexus, this study reviews firearm-related violence in Mozambique.

The broader purpose behind this study is to frame the compilation of data and its

analysis within a public health perspective in order to better inform the design and

implementation of violence-reduction strategies; we also seek to understand the role that small arms play in violence. Through this study we aim to gain an understanding of the magnitude and scope of firearm-related violence in Mozambique, as well as to uncover the circumstances surrounding this violence. We hope to identify the factors that influence the use of firearms as well as groups at risk of violence and risk behaviours.


Violência Relacionada com as Armas de Fogo em Moçambique. Relatório Resumo
Portuguese | [12220 ko] > download
Firearm-Related Violence in Mozambique
English | [480 ko] > download
Firearm-related Violence in Mozambique: Summary Report
English | [543 ko] > download