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L'implication des acteurs armés non étatiques dans le problème des mines antipersonnel

Projet de recherche

L'implication des acteurs armés non étatiques dans le problème des mines antipersonnel: recommandations pour leur contribution positive à l'interdiction de ces mines

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Acteurs armés non étatiques - Droit international humanitaire - Droits de l'homme - Mines anti-personnelles


Ce résumé n'existe qu'en anglais

Although armed non-state actors (NSAs) have always existed, in the last twenty years the international community has become acutely aware of their importance for achieving universal compliance with human rights and international humanitarian law. This is particularly true for universalizing the norm prohibiting the use of anti-personnel (AP) landmines.

This report, which builds on an analysis published in 2004, maps the role of NSAs in the landmine problem (2003-2005). The report investigates and analyzes how NSAs use, acquire, produce, transfer, and stockpile landmines through a presentation of individual group profiles.

This report has recorded a global occurrence of AP and anti-vehicle mine planting by NSAs, whether activated by a victim, a vehicle or at a distance by command-detonation. Around 60 NSAs have deployed landmines in 24 countries in five geographic regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East and North Africa. In addition to these NSAs, groups that were difficult to classify or identify made frequent use of landmines in a few other countries. Over 40 groups made use of some type of victim-activated devices. The mines employed were both factory-made and handmade, indicating both involvement in mine transfers and production.

One of the main findings of this report is that there is a need to discuss the mine issue not only with states, but also with NSAs. Many NSAs (as well as states) lack the long-term perspective of the consequences of mine use, and it is therefore crucial for the international community to find channels of communication with NSAs on the AP mine issue. This report argues that only by understanding NSA and region specific dynamics is it possible to address the - current and future - landmine problem caused by NSAs.


Armed Non-State Actors and Landmines - Volume I: A Global Report Profiling NSAs and their Use, Acquisition, Production, Transfer and Stockpiling of Landmines
Anglais | [3846 ko] > télécharger
Actores armados no estatales y minas terrestres - Primer volumen: Informe global sobre el uso, la adquisición, producción, transferencia y el almacenamiento de minas terrestres por parte de los ANE
Espagnol | [625 ko] > télécharger
Armed Non-State Actors and Landmines - Volume II: A Global Report of NSA Mine Action
Anglais | [4454 ko] > télécharger
Armed Non-State Actors and Landmines - Volume III: Towards a Holistic Approach to Armed Non-State Actors?
Anglais | [2362 ko] > télécharger

Conference(s) liée(s)

Lancement d'un rapport sur l'action contre les mines impliquant les acteurs armés non étatiques - 16 novembre 2006
Ce texte n'existe qu'en anglais.
At the occasion of the Third Review Conference of the Convention on Certain...

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L'engagement des acteurs armés non étatiques: Peuvent-ils contribuer à l'action humanitaire? – table ronde à l'IUHEI, 3 avril 2007
Ce texte n'existe qu'en anglais.
This roundtable on interacting with armed non-state actors profits directly...

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L'implication des acteurs armés non étatiques dans le problème des mines antipersonnel – Présentation du rapport final, IUHEI, Salle S1, 14 Novembre 2007, 18h30
L'équipe du projet de recherche financé par le RUIG "L'implication des acteurs armés non étatiques dans le problème des...
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